Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) is the field of endeavor addressing the communication and related needs of people who experience significant communication impairments. One’s Quality of Life is dramatically and drastically altered when their ability to use natural speech is compromised, especially those with complex communication needs. The goal of AAC is to help people find... more
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This course will provide an overview of child abuse including recognition of abuse, reporting, and how abuse affects our society as a whole. Although this is an issue that takes place globally, this course will focus solely on child abuse in the United States. Specifically, this course will identify the different types of abuse that can happen to children including physical, psychological,... more
The current outbreak of Ebola in West Africa has been connected to more than 4,000 deaths since the latest outbreak began late 2013 (Weintraub, 2014). The Ebola virus, formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a rare disease caused by an infection from the Ebola virus strains. While rare, it is severe and often fatal in humans. Wild animals are believed to transmit the virus to people, and... more
As our lifespan has increased, our health care needs will continue to increase. Demands for more healthcare professionals with increased training in geriatric needs will also continue to increase in the years ahead. Healthcare professionals should be prepared to meet the challenges and issues of an aging patient population. Creating and implementing geriatric goals and care plans help elderly... more
Patient care often goes beyond general medical support. When a patient becomes emotionally upset, displaying aggressive physical behavior, it is not only disruptive but can be harmful to healthcare workers, family members, and other patients and interfere with necessary medical care. Aggressive physical behavior occurs in 30% to 50% of those people who suffer from dementia, and aggressive... more
Fire safety in healthcare facilities like nursing homes, retirement homes, hospice, and eldercare facilities requires a special response by staff members that goes beyond what one expects in other organizations. This is because both patients and their families have placed a special trust in you to see to the safety of people who, in many cases, are not able to help themselves. The threat of... more
People receiving healthcare services in the United States have rights and responsibilities associated with all levels of care. Caregivers and care facilities should understand and respect the rights and responsibilities of patients, their families, physicians, and other caregivers. Healthcare professionals must be familiar with patient rights in order to properly follow them and protect... more
Communicating with others is a basic human need and the foundation for all social interactions. When healthcare workers effectively communicate with those for whom they care, it helps patients, clients, and residents feel less isolated and can improve their sense of wellbeing. Communicating effectively with peers, subordinates, and supervisors is not only an expectation of all healthcare... more
Workplace emergencies are rather common. They range from small incidents, such as a fire alarm going off, to large events like hurricanes and snowstorms. In the long-term healthcare setting, staff members are responsible for more than just their own safety during an emergency. They must also see to the needs of patients and residents. In order to minimize injuries, save lives, and prevent... more
Repeated and unwanted actions by an individual or group intended to intimidate, harass, degrade, or offend one or more persons is bullying. In organizations, bullying has a negative impact on the emotional health and well-being of employees and affects the performance of the entire organization. Bullying has become a serious and growing problem affecting a significant proportion of healthcare... more
The abuse of elders is a tragic and growing problem. Elder abuse can affect people of all ethnic and social backgrounds. Abuse impacts both the victim and those who care for him or her. It is important for anyone working with or caring for an elder to know the signs of abuse as well as how to report any concerns. This course defines elder abuse, identifies populations of elderly at risk for... more
In this day and age with all the things that can happen to a person and all of their information, client and patient rights are important to know and understand. Client-patient rights have changed from when they first became a part of medical and research programs to what we know now. While rights vary from state to state and county to county, the rights of patients and clients are a very... more
Abuse, in its simplest form, is the maltreatment of something or someone. For the purposes of this course, we will focus on the abuse of other people. Abuse implies intention, maltreatment and the violation of the rights of an individual by another. Abuse is often thought of within families, but it is also includes work relationships and friendships. This course will provide an overview of... more
Grief and loss are often not comfortable topics to discuss. Just the thought of a loss conjures up in our minds unpleasant memories, events, hard times, loneliness, anger, and confusion. Trying to understand and heal from a significant loss, whether it is a person, a pet, a house, an income, the loss of respect, a goal, to name a few, can be difficult and scary. Within this course you will... more
This course is designed to present an overall view of dissociative identity disorder, formerly called Multiple Personality Disorder. Most people have experienced some type of mild dissociation, such as daydreaming or losing themselves in a project. However, Dissociative Identity Disorder is thought to stem from trauma experienced by the person with the disorder. The dissociative aspect is... more
The business world is globalized, with many companies working across international boundaries; managers need to understand how to manage this environment. This course discusses the impact culture has on how people view management practices, and it discusses how to manage in a diverse world.
People who work in certain situations, such as healthcare workers, emergency response personal, lab personnel, and others, may be exposed to human blood on a regular or occasional basis. Sometimes this blood is infected with bloodborne pathogens like the hepatitis B virus, so it poses a health risk for workers.
Friendships and connections with others play a very important role in the development and well-being of all people. However, those with developmental disabilities often have very few or no close personal connections and friendships within their communities. U.S. law offers people with developmental disabilities a safeguard in the form of a requirement that services offer the “most... more
Developmental disorders are characterized as mental or physical impairments which begin before the age of 22 and last throughout a persons’ lifetime. These impairments are called developmental disorders because they are most often identified in children who are around 3 years old, a critical time in child development. Developmental disorders are severe chronic conditions due to mental... more
This course will focus on an overview of Schizophrenia as a disorder as well as its causes and treatment. Schizophrenia affects a person’s perceptions of the world, interactions with others, and thinking. Individuals with schizophrenia lose touch with reality and therefore have significant challenges negotiating daily activities. Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder; with the... more
This course is designed to present an overall picture of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder. Terminology and related concepts are discussed using real-world scenarios and case studies. The categories of symptoms are described as well as their potential impact on a victim’s life. This course provides practical guidelines for identifying symptoms and initial steps for methods of... more
Ergonomics is the science of fitting workplace conditions and job demands to the capabilities of the working population. Work is made up of many little tasks, and these tasks can lead to worker injuries if they are not executed in a safe way. Workplaces that understand this and incorporate principles of ergonomics have fewer work-related injuries and happier employees. The course will discuss... more
People who work in situations where they may be exposed to human blood, like healthcare workers, emergency response personal, lab personnel, and others may be exposed to human blood on a regular basis. Sometimes the blood is infected with bloodborne pathogens like Hepatitis or HIV, posing a risk to the workers. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) sets several standards... more
The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services known as CMS has released the 9th and final chapter for the Prescription Drug Benefit Manual regarding a program to control fraud, waste and abuse. This course provides both interpretative rules and guidelines for Part D plan sponsors on how to implement the regulatory requirements to have in place a comprehensive fraud and abuse plan to detect,... more
Up to 1 out of 4 people who have HIV don't know it. Testing for HIV has become faster and more convenient and there are many testing options available. Knowing if you have HIV can be essential to your sexual health. And if you know you don't have HIV, you can learn what you need to do to protect yourself and your partner(s) from getting it.
Healthcare personnel are at risk for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens, including hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Exposures occur through needlesticks or cuts from other sharp instruments contaminated with an infected patient's blood or through contact of the eye, nose, mouth, or skin with a patient's blood. Learn about the... more
The first cases of what would later become known as AIDS were reported in the United States in June of 1981. Since then, 1.7 million people in the U.S. are estimated to have been infected with HIV. This course will explore the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among special populations.
HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
This course presents information pertaining to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), particularly Titles I & II. The course targets general audiences who seek to better understand HIPAA and how it impacts them personally or how they should comply with HIPAA standards in their day-to-day operations. The goal of this course is to increase the learner’s... more
The Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A (HPAI H5N1) virus is a deadly influenza strain found mostly in birds in Asia and Africa; it is not currently a flu strain seen often in humans. It is, however, a deadly flu virus that the CDC considers a high potential to become a future pandemic. This course discusses the H5N1 flu virus and what businesses and individuals can do in the event of a... more
Many accidents and injuries can occur in the workplace. Having a workplace first-aid program minimizes these risks by giving the injured or sick person some basic treatment until professional emergency medical service personnel can arrive. This course IS NOT designed to be a primary or introductory lesson on first-aid and emergency response; rather it is intended to provide refresher training... more
The goal of this course is to provide information that helps employer and employees know more about common fire emergencies that can happen in the workplace. It teaches employee awareness and knowledge of various fire safety issues, promoting effective response practices for businesses and work facilities in general.
This course is designed for general audiences. The goal of this course is to provide information that helps individuals understand the importance of diversity in the workplace and how to best support it in ways that benefit everyone. The success of an organization, and therefor it’s competiveness in the marketplace, is dependent upon its ability to understand diversity, realize its benefits... more
This course presents information on the threat that terror organizations may use biological agents to kill people and cause chaos. Biological warfare is regulated and denounced by world governments. Terrorists are increasingly likely to use biological agents for the fear it creates in others. Companies, families, and individuals can prepare by learning about bioterrorism, preparing for... more
Workers who use alcohol and drugs on the job, or come to work while under the influence of either, pose significant risks to the safety, productivity, and profitability of a company. Companies that adopt and enforce a drug-free workplace policy and program can mitigate many of these risks and will have healthier, happier workers. Understanding the risks that alcohol and drugs have on the... more
This course presents key information on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), passed by Congress in 1990. This law has far-reaching implications for almost every business and institution in the United States. This course will help learners understand basic expectations of ADA, and apply these expectations to the workplace.
In February 2016, the World Health Organization declared Zika virus outbreak in Latin America and other areas a public health emergency of international concern, because Zika virus can cause birth defects and neurological problems. Since then, Zika virus has been a topic of concern in the news media. Although a sensational topic, the reality is that Zika is a mosquito-borne virus that... more
Pain is one of the most pervasive medical conditions in today’s society. Living with pain affects people physically and mentally, causing deterioration in their overall wellbeing. Pain screening is considered to be an essential component of creating a comprehensive treatment plan and educating individuals to understand that pain is not a necessary part of daily life and what methods... more
Communicating with others is a basic human need and the foundation for all social interactions. When physical therapists effectively communicate with their patients, the patient will feel less isolated and have an improved sense of well-being. Often, the effects of aging, illness, and disabilities can become barriers to effective therapist-patient communications, especially when patients lose... more
Through the course of their duties, those who work in Physical Therapy will care for many different types of patients. Some patients need care due to illness, a disability, or the effects of old age. Others will seem physically healthy, but they may be unable to fully care for themselves due to mental or emotional illness. Some patients will suffer from emotional illnesses... more
Many patients are accustomed to an active lifestyle, so they become frustrated when they cannot move around or engage in activities in ways they did before an illness or injury, or like they did when they were younger. Physical therapists understand this frustration, so they help patients, caregivers, and family members understand and apply safe ambulation techniques. Some patients need help... more
Many patients are accustomed to an active lifestyle, so they become frustrated when they cannot move around or engage in occupations in ways they did before an illness or injury, or like they did when they were younger. Physical therapists understand this frustration, so they help patients, caregivers, and family members understand and apply safe transfer techniques. Some patients require help... more
Many patients are accustomed to an active lifestyle, so they become frustrated when they cannot move around or engage in activities as they did before an illness or injury, or like they did when they were younger. Physical therapists understand this frustration, so they help patients, caregivers, and family members understand and apply safe ambulation techniques. This course discusses how... more
Many patients have difficulty getting out of bed, walking around, bathing, or using a wheelchair. These difficulties can lead to injuries when a patient falls or attempts to do something beyond their physical capabilities. The Physical Therapist can prevent these incidents by learning how to best position patients and how to help them move around. Patients are kept safe when... more
Incidents of diseases like AIDS, Hepatitis, and other infections have increased over the last several decades. Preventing illness has always been an important part of healthcare, but the spread of these deadly diseases has made it even more important. Physical therapist should understand how infections are caused and how illness spreads from person to person. Knowing about... more
When patients are comfortable they feel calm and relaxed, which makes their therapy sessions more successful. Helping patients with their physical and emotional comfort as they adapt to physical limitations is at the heart of the physical therapist’s job. When patients are physically and emotionally comfortable, they are better able to rest and sleep, which improves their... more
For most people, eating is both a necessary and enjoyable activity. There is a very wide range of food types, ways to prepare the same types of foods, and places to purchase raw ingredients and ready-to-eat meals. Eating is more than a basic human need; it’s a social activity where people take a break from the daily grind to catch up with family and friends on the day’s... more
Some people receive physical therapy while being cared for in an inpatient, assisted living, residential, or another healthcare facility. In these situations, each individual has a care plan and is assigned a care team of medical professionals who execute this plan; physical therapists are sometimes part of this team. The care team relies on each caregiver to be an attentive... more
Each year, many people suffer back injuries due to improper lifting and carrying practices while at work. OSHA consistently finds that healthcare workers are one of the top 10 occupations with the most work-related musculoskeletal injuries. Physical therapy workers are certainly part of this group, as they routinely move items, equipment, and patients from place to place as they deliver care... more
Physical therapy professionals work in many settings; some of these settings have very specific documentation standards, others may not. Documentation is the written evidence of someone’s activities, decisions, actions, observations, and other official information about their daily interactions with patients. Documentation should be evidence-based, which helps it to be more clinically... more
Many conditions may cause an impaired gait, which can impact the effectiveness of a patient’s ambulation, efficiency, and safety. Physical therapy practitioners leverage their knowledge to administer progressive gait training interventions to help these patients recover mobility. They also recommend ambulation aids that help individuals restore functional ambulation. ... more
After experiencing a stroke, a patient will need the collaborative efforts of several healthcare professions from various disciplines as they recover. This inter-professional care team of physicians, nurses, speech-language pathologists, physical therapists, and occupational therapists must coordinate their efforts early on to maximize the patient’s rehabilitation and to improve... more
Nerve compression syndromes of the hand are present in about 5% of the U.S. population, with Carpal tunnel syndrome being the most prevalent. Compression syndromes of the median nerve are vulnerable to many factors, including inadequate anatomical space inside the carpal tunnel, changes in fluid balance, inflammatory or metabolic disorders, and environmental causes like vibration, repetition,... more
As people age, they experience a higher fall rate compared to younger populations. When seniors and the elderly do fall, they are more likely to become injured or die compared to the general population. Seniors can mitigate this risk, improve mobility, and enhance their overall quality of life through exercise and physical activity. There are four types of exercise trainings: aerobic exercises... more
Aging is a natural, inevitable process that affects the whole body and impacts all people who live to an advanced age. The most effective intervention for older adults experiencing this process is exercise. When older adults participate in strength training correctly, these exercises are very safe and are shown to be an effective tool used by physical therapy professionals to... more
Total Hip Arthroplasty is one of the most common orthopedic surgeries used to help resolve pain and loss of function from degenerative osteoarthritis of the hip. In the United States, demand has increased over the last two decades; as the population continues to age while pursuing active lifestyles, hip osteoarthritis may become an even more common diagnosis. This may create more demand... more
Osteoarthritis affects up to 40% of all adults, with knee and hip Osteoarthritis among the most common causes of pain and disability in the older adult population. Osteoarthritis-related disability is a major health problem. There is no cure for Osteoarthritis, but many have tried to further understand common pathologies and the etiology of Osteoarthritis to better decrease the effects... more
Rotator cuff pathology is a very common cause of shoulder pain, weakness, and limitations of daily activities, resulting in lost time at work and play. Many people can recover after physical therapy alone, depending on the size and type of rotator cuff tear. Others do not respond to more conservative management approaches, requiring surgery to repair a rotator cuff injury. ... more
Diabetes Mellitus is a very common health problem, with about 190 million sufferers world-wide. Genetic factors and environmental influences are responsible for the development of this condition, with obesity and inactivity being a primary cause of diabetes in the developed world. While Physical and Occupational Therapy professionals may not treat diabetes itself, they routinely encounter... more
Cardiovascular Disease significantly impacts the health of many in the United States, being responsible for almost 1/3rd of all deaths. It is a class of diseases that involves the heart and circulatory system, which includes coronary artery disease and stroke. The primary method for both preventing cardiovascular disease and for managing the disease after onset is to engage in physical... more