Water activities can be fun: swimming, boating, skiing, or just playing. However, it can also be dangerous. Anyone responsible for the care of children is aware of the many safety needs that exist in a variety of settings. Water safety is one of the most important safety topics, as a lack of attention to safety can mean serious injury and even death. Although it is often overlooked, pools, spas, and other bodies of water all pose a serious safety risk to children of all ages. Drowning is a leading cause of accidental death for children under five according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. It is estimated that nationwide, 350 children under the age of five drown in swimming pools every year, with the majority of the deaths occurring in June, July and August and happening in backyard swimming pools. This course will discuss some general safety recommendations to prevent accidental drowning as well as the specific safety requirements for having pools in homes with young children. Also included is a review of the best approaches to pool safety and how to minimize risk of harm for children and adolescents.