Relapse after the successful completion of a substance abuse treatment program is often devastating to those who were in recovery as well as traumatic for their families. Unfortunately, relapse is common for individuals who complete substance abuse treatment. In fact, anywhere from 40 to 60% of those who complete a treatment program eventually relapse. While many substance abuse professionals argue that relapse is part of recovery, relapse threatens to undermine addiction recovery. Relapse prevention provides individuals who have completed a substance abuse program with the resources and support needed to maintain long-term sobriety. With effective relapse prevention, the number of patients who achieve permanent sobriety from substance use can be increased. This course will discuss the importance of relapse prevention therapy and the effective approaches and premises of relapse prevention. Also, we will also explore the skills needed as a counselor in the treatment of relapse prevention.