Foster parents often describe their experience as rewarding, although many consider it overwhelming due to challenges of meeting the needs children as well as the demands placed on them by birth parents, child welfare agencies, schools, and other service providers (Armour & Schwab, 2007). In particular, foster parents often describe working with birth parents as one of their biggest challenges. Despite the need for improved relationships between foster parents and birth parents, many foster parents often have an adversarial relationship with the mother and father of the children living in their homes. By improving collaboration between foster parents and birth parents, more families will be able to have successful reunifications and better outcomes while in foster care. This overview of how foster parents can effectively work with biological families will discuss the importance of encouraging collaboration. Also discussed will be how positive relationships between foster parents and birth parents can help to create more positive outcomes for both foster children and birth families.