Terminal illness can present a myriad of needs to be addressed in order to ensure that the person approaching end of life receives the best care to ensure the best quality of life in their remaining days. Patient care assistants are often directly involved with making sure that individuals facing the end of life receive what they need and receive appropriate care. In addition to the person at the end of life, family caretakers also often struggle emotionally and experience a lack of support when caring for loved ones at the end of life. Families have also experienced challenges in finding the appropriate type of care for loved ones at the end of life. This course discusses the challenges of providing end of life care to terminally ill patients, methods for pain management, challenges to caring for patients at the end of life, and the similarities and differences between palliative and hospice care.